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|Climate||Moderately warm, still marginally influenced by early morning fog. Western bench area is cooler, with less late afternoon sun, tempered by afternoon marine winds. (This AVA averages a bit warmer than Oakville and Stags Leap District). Usual summer peak temperatures are mid-90°F (34-35.5°C) with good diurnal range.|
|Elevation||100 to 500 ft. (33 to 150m).|
|Rainfall||38 inches (95cm) annually.|
|Soils||Western benchland is sedimentary, gravelly-sandy and alluvial, with good water retention and moderate fertility. The eastern side has more volcanic soils, moderately deep and more fertile.|
|Total Area||11,000 acres (45 km2)|
|Size of planted vineyards||1,500 acres (6 km2)|
|Varietals/characteristics||Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Zinfandel: Quite intense cherry and mineral, almost earthy aromas. Flavors are full, ripe, and notably currant with firm, but supple tannins for extended aging.|